Source: Written for Spice your Life, by Dr. Nagarathnam Jetti, MBBS,DPH,DIH,FIAOH.
Continued from Part 1
But in a diabetic patient, the heart attack may not present itself as in the above mentioned ways. The patient many not feel the pain: there may be some discomfort in the jaw, shoulder or Epigastrium. Some times could have pain in the back. He may suddenly pass motion, may have nausea. There may be breathlessness.
So a diabetic with poorly controlled blood sugar with other causating factors should be aware and cautious of the atypical presentation of the impending heart attack.
A diabetic can prevent this heart attack by knowing the contributory factors:
The continuous poor control of blood sugar along with Dyslipidemia can cause changes in the blood vessels by way of thickening, clot formation and these changes can happen in all parts of the body.
Changes in the blood vessels in the periphery can lead to loss of limbs, hypertension, and changes in the blood vessels of eyes leads to retinopathy and blindness.
Changes in the coronary vessels lead to heart attack.
Changes in the brain leads to transient Ischaemic attack and stroke.
When there is blocking, narrowing and thickening of blood vessels in the brain along with hypertension, the Transient Ischaemic attack and stroke will follow. This is a result of poor supply or non supply of blood to the important areas of the brain, prolonged non supply of blood to the brain will result in permanent damage and so the recovery from stroke is remote.
Usually when there is a block in the blood vessels and stoppage of blood supply to the particular area of brain, collateral blood vessels will be developed through which the blood supply will be restored, which is the process of recovery from the stoke.
Besides, poorly controlled blood sugar in a diabetic, there are large number of causation and contributing factors for the cardiovascular complications.
A diabetic has to be fully aware of these factors in detail so that they can take precaution to prevent these complications. We will discuss these issues in the next article.
Earlier on Diabetes:
General Notes on Diabetes
Introduction to Diabetes ~ What Is Diabetes?
Why Early Diagnosis Is Important?
Diagnosing Diabetes ~ Different Types Of Diabetes
Dietary Aspects in the Management of Diabetes
Dietary Aspects in the Management of Diabetes ~ Part 2
Glycemic Index of Different Foods
Uncontrolled diabetes leading to Renal Failure
Diabetes and Eye disease